Stagnation in Distant Instruction

**one. ****Introduction -:**

Every one, now, accepts that Distant Instruction System is getting extremely common in education scinerio. It is extremely charge helpful. Thus the educationalist and the coverage makers had specified the relevance on its performance. It is now well geared up with for sensible applications and also for operate expertise. Wide range of applications are, now, run via the length manner. Thus now, it has develop into the strongest alternate way of education program.

The major reason of setting up Distance Education System was observed in its charge performance and kinds of pupils who enrol in the program. Most of the pupils, enrolled in the program, are dropped out from the major stream of education. They had the chance to capture the 2nd bus due to this program. It clearly indicates that Distant Instruction System provides the route to the pupils who are deprived of education alongside with one frequently learning.

There are lots of motives of dropping out of the pupils from the major stream of education. The economic problem, social problem, specific incapability, poverty & lots of other motives, have an affect on their fall out. Out of all these motives students’ liking & disliking, their timings to spare for education & the usefulness of the programmes to their everyday living are extremely significant.

Distant Instruction, retaining all these factors in mind, focuses on the learner. It develops its system-retaining learner in central position. In distance education, learners can master at his very own position & tempo. He is not anticipated to comprehensive all the programs in just one 12 months or 2 a long time. He has been specified the span from five a long time to 8 a long time. The span variations system sensible. B.A. Programme of YCMOU may be completed in just three a long time only. But 8 Several years span is specified to comprehensive the programme. Much more at any time, the distant education does not use the concepts of, ‘Pass’, & ‘Fail’. The concept of ‘Successfully Completed’, & ‘Not Completed’ are typically used in distant education. Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open up College, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, also use these concepts.

However it is so, the figures of 12 months sensible enrolment would make one to analyze in this make a difference. Thus the analyze has been taken in hand.

The first step of fall out is Stagnation. The pupils can not do well in the courses and they continue to be in the same course. This stagnation de-motivate them and in result there is a fall out.

On this history the attempts have been produced to come across out the Stagnation level of B.A. programme of YCMOU.

**2. ****Title of the Review -:**

**To Review the Stagnation Rate in Distant Instruction in YCMOU.**

**three. ****Scope of the Review -:**

YCMOU introduced more than 123 applications & the scope of this analyze may address all the applications of YCMOU. Much more at any time, it may address all the programs & applications run in distant education program.

**Limitation of the Review -:**

This exploration is restricted only to B.A. system of YCMOU. Additionally, it is restricted to twelve a long time span, i.e. – 1991 to 2003 only. The passing level in T.Y. and also consolidated passing in all three a long time i.e. F.Y., S.Y. & T.Y.is not taken into consideration in this analyze which is the de-limitation of this analyze.

**five. ****Significance of the Review -:**

This analyze is extremely significant because –

one) If the stagnation level is observed out, the necessity to come across out the remedy will be emphasised.

2) The motives for stagnation are to be observed out to get rid of them.

three) It will also develop into attainable to assess the stagnation level of normal education program & distant education program.

four) It is useful to calculate this variety of decline in distant education program.

five) It is also useful for arranging for implementation & saving the decline because of the stagnation.

six) This stagnation level is also useful for getting the quantity of pupils in the subsequent 12 months.

7) The remedy to cease stagnation may make improvements to the program of distant education.

**8) ****Goal of the analyze -:**

one) To come across out the level of enrolment given that 1991 to 2003 in the first 12 months of B.A.

2) To come across out the level of enrolment given that 1991 to 2003 in the 2nd 12 months of B.A.

three) To come across out the level of enrolment given that 1991 to 2003 in the 3rd 12 months B.A.

four) To come across out the course sensible stagnation of F.Y. to S.Y., S.Y .to T.Y. & F.Y .to T.Y. given that 1991 to 2003.

five) To make the tips to reduce the stagnation level and propose the problems for further analyze and /or make the worry to believe over this problem.

**9) ** **Methodology -:**

For the exploration in hand, the researcher had gathered the details of the enrolment of F.Y., S.Y. & T.Y. given that 1991 to 2003. He had as opposed the 12 months sensible enrolment separately i.e. of F.Y., S.Y. & T.Y. given that 1991 to 2003 & observed out switching percentage of enrolment. Then he took into consideration the quantity of pupils enrolled in the subsequent 12 months & as opposed the figures with the previous 12 months, calculating the percentage. So he observed out the stagnation level of that 12 months. Then he calculated the stagnation level of twelve a long time for the remedy.

**10) ** **Investigation of the Knowledge -:**

To come across out the stagnation level, the researcher had gathered 12 months sensible enrolment of the pupils given that 1991 to 2003.

**10.one** The enrolment of F.Y. pupils was as follows -:

Table No. -: 1 Enrolment of F.Y.

12 months

No. Of Pupils.

Maximize %

Maximize %

Lower %

1991

3539

1992

8346

a hundred thirty five.83

1993

8391

.54

1994

10623

26.six

1995

11535

8.59

1996

12859

eleven.47

1997

13228

2.87

1998

14416

8.ninety nine

1999

17243

19.61

2000

12572

27.09

2001

15628

24.31

2002

16387

four.86

2003

18021

9.ninety seven

The figures in the previously mentioned table shows that in the 12 months 2000, there was lower in the enrolment for B.A. system of YCMOU. It was 27.09.

The enrolment percentage was extremely substantial in 1992 i.e. – a hundred thirty five.83%.

In 1994, it was 26.sixty & in 2001, it was 24.31%.

Besides in the 12 months of 2000, each and every 12 months the level of enrolment was seemed to improve at minimum o.54%

** 10.2** The enrolment of S.Y. pupils was as follows -:

Table No. -: 2

Enrolment of S.Y.

12 months

No. Of Pupils.

Maximize %

Maximize %

Lower %

1991

1021

1992

1628

59.45

1993

3341

one zero five.22

1994

3928

17.six

1995

4359

10.ninety seven

1996

5804

33.fifteen

1997

5479

five.six

1998

5768

five.27

1999

7158

24.one

2000

7885

10.sixteen

2001

7587

three.88

2002

9685

27.sixty nine

2003

10879

twelve.33

The figures in the previously mentioned table shows that there was lower in enrolment for S.Y. in the 12 months 1997 & 2001. It was decreased by five.six% in 1997 & by three.88% in 2001.

There was optimum improve in the 12 months 1993 & and it was one zero five.22%

In the 12 months 1992, it was 59.45%. & in the 12 months 1996, it was 33.fifteen%.

In the 12 months 2002, there was improve of 27.sixty nine% & in the 12 months 1999 it was 24.10%.

Besides in the 12 months 1997 & 2001 each and every 12 months there was improve in the enrolment of S.Y.B.A.

** 10.three** The enrolment of T.Y. pupils was as follows -:

Table No. – three

Enrolment in T.Y. B.A.

12 months

No. Of Pupils.

Maximize %

Maximize %

Lower %

1991

1992

692

1993

1188

71.68

1994

2605

119.28

1995

2665

2.three

1996

587

77.ninety seven

1997

3634

519.08

1998

3748

three.fourteen

1999

4509

20.03

2000

5048

eleven.ninety five

2001

5569

10.32

2002

5391

three.2

2003

7533

39.seventy three

The figures in previously mentioned table shows that there was lower in the enrolment in the 12 months 1996 & 2002.

In 1996 there was 77.ninety seven% lower & in 2002 it was three.20% lower.

In the 12 months 1997 it was the optimum improve in the enrolment of T.Y.B.A. It was 519.08% beneath that in the 12 months 1994, it was 119.28% & in 1993 it was 71.68%.

In the 12 months 2003 also, it was 39.seventy three%.

Besides in the 12 months 1997 & 2002 the enrolment in T.Y.B.A. was escalating.

**10.four **The 12 months sensible stagnation in F.Y. is specified beneath in the table quantity four.The researcher had noticed the enrolment of F.Y. and S.Y. of the change subsequent 12 months so that he could get the stagnation fees from F.Y. to S.Y. 12 months sensible

.

Table No:four

12 months sensible stagnation in F.Y.

12 months

F.Y

Enrolment.

12 months

S.Y.

Enrolment.

No. of

stagnation

% of

stagnation

1991

3539

1992

1628

1911

53.ninety nine

1992

8346

1993

3341

5005

59.ninety seven

1993

8391

1994

3928

4463

53.19

1994

10623

1995

4359

6264

58.ninety seven

1995

11535

1996

5804

5731

49.68

1996

12859

1997

5479

7380

fifty seven.39

1997

13228

1998

5768

7460

fifty six.four

1998

14416

1999

7158

7258

fifty.35

1999

17243

2000

7885

9358

54.27

2000

12572

2001

7587

4985

39.sixty five

2001

15628

2002

9685

5943

38.02

2002

16387

2003

10879

5508

33.61

Whole

one,44,767

73501

71266

49.22

The figures in the previously mentioned table shows that there was the optimum stagnation level in the 12 months 1993. It was 59.ninety seven%, beneath that in the 12 months 1995 which was 58.ninety seven%

In the 12 months 1997 there was fifty seven.39% stagnation & in the 12 months 1998 it was fifty six.forty%.

In the 12 months 2000, it was 54.27% whereas in 1992, it was 53.ninety nine%.

It decreases in the 12 months 1999 up to fifty.35%. and it was 49.68% in the 12 months 1996.

It repeatedly lowered given that 2001.as 39.sixty five%,in 2001, 38.02% in 2002 & 33.61%. in 2003. These stagnation of pupils could be induced to fall out of them, out of the program.

Considering the fact that 1991 to 2002, 49.22% pupils ended up stagnated in F.Y.B.A.

**10.five **The 12 months sensible stagnation in S.Y. is specified beneath in the table quantity five.The researcher had noticed the enrolment of S.Y. and T.Y. of the change subsequent 12 months so that he could get the stagnation fees from S.Y. to T.Y.

Table no. -: five

12 months sensible stagnation in S.Y.

12 months

S.Y

Enrolment.

12 months

T.Y.

Enrolment.

No. of

stagnation

% of

stagnation

1991

1021

1992

692

329

31.91

1992

1628

1993

1188

440

27.03

1993

3341

1994

2605

736

22.03

1994

3928

1995

2665

1263

32.fifteen

1995

4359

1996

587

3972

91.twelve

1996

5804

1997

3634

2170

37.39

1997

5479

1998

3748

1731

31.59

1998

5768

1999

4509

1259

21.83

1999

7158

2000

5048

2110

29.48

2000

7885

2001

5569

2316

29.37

2001

7587

2002

5391

2196

28.94

2002

9785

2003

7533

2252

23.04

Whole

63743

43169

20574

32.27

The previously mentioned figures in table No. -: five shows the stagnation level from S.Y. to T.Y. It was extremely peculiar in the 12 months 1996 as the stagnation level was 86.53%, when other all years’ stagnation level was beneath 38%.

It was 37.39% in the 12 months 1997, 32.fifteen% in the 12 months 1995, 31.91% in the 12 months 1992 & 31.59% in the 12 months 1998.

In the rest of the a long time, it was beneath thirty%. In the 12 months 2000, it was 29.38%, in 2001, it was 29.37%, in 2002, it was 28.94% & in 1993, it was 27.03%.

In the remaining a long time, it was beneath 24%. In the 12 months 2002, it was 23.04%, in 1994, it was 22.03% & in 1999, it was 21.83%.

Evaluating stagnation level from S.Y. to T.Y. to F.Y. to S.Y., the stagnation level was lower in S.Y. to T.Y. It was the excellent indication as the pupils admitted to S.Y. ended up enrolled for T.Y.

Considering the fact that 1991 to 2002, 32.27% pupils ended up stagnated in S.Y.B.A.

**10.six** It grew to become one to observe the stagnation level from F.Y. to T.Y. for superior being familiar with this problem. The 12 months sensible stagnation in F.Y.(& S. Y. collectively concealed) is specified beneath in the table quantity six. The researcher had noticed the enrolment of F.Y. comparing the enrolment of T.Y. of the same batch so that he could get the stagnation fees 12 months sensible from F.Y. to T.Y.

Table No. -: six

12 months sensible stagnation in F.Y..(& S. Y. collectively concealed)

12 months

F.Y

Enrolment.

12 months

T.Y.

Enrolment.

No. of

stagnation.

% of

stagnation.

1991

3539

1993

1188

2351

sixty six.forty three

1992

8346

1994

2605

5741

68.79

1993

8391

1995

2665

5726

68.24

1994

10,623

1996

587

10,036

94.47

1995

eleven,535

1997

3634

7901

68.five

1996

twelve,859

1998

3748

9111

70.85

1997

13,228

1999

4509

8719

sixty five.91

1998

fourteen,416

2000

5048

9368

sixty four.98

1999

17,243

2001

5569

eleven,674

sixty seven.7

2000

twelve,572

2002

5391

7181

fifty seven.twelve

2001

fifteen,628

2003

7533

8095

fifty one.08

Whole

one,28,380

42,477

85,903

sixty six.91

The figures in the previously mentioned table shows that the stagnation level from F.Y. to T.Y. was usually previously mentioned fifty%. It was a terrific surprise to see the figures in 1996 as the stagnation level on that 12 months was 94.47% & in the 12 months 1998 it was 70.85%. Relaxation of the a long time it was previously mentioned sixty four%.

In the 12 months 1994, it was 68.79%, in the 12 months 1997it was 68.fifty% & in the 12 months 1995 it was 68.24%.

In 2001, it was sixty seven.70%, in 1993, it was sixty six.forty three%, in 1999 it was sixty five.91% & in 2000, it was sixty four.98%.

In the 12 months 2002, it came down up to fifty seven.twelve% & in the 12 months 2003 up to 52.08%.

These all stagnated level clearly confirmed that more than fifty% pupils did not keep on their education & enrolled for T.Y. It was the terrific decline & affected the quantity of pupils for the system. These pupils could be dropped out, out of the program.

Considering the fact that 1991 to 2001, sixty six.91% pupils ended up stagnated possibly in F.Y. or in S.Y.B.A.

**eleven.Conclusions -:**

one) In the 12 months 1992, there was a terrific improve in the enrolment of F.Y. comparing to the previous 12 months. It was a hundred thirty five.83% but then the increased ratio lower down upto .54% in the 12 months 1993. It lingered concerning 26.six% to .54% in the rest of the a long time.

2) In 2000, there was a lower in the enrolment. It was 27.09% but in the extremely subsequent 12 months, it increased up to 24.31%. In the 12 months 2003 it was 9.ninety seven%.

three) The 12 months sensible enrolment of S.Y. given that 1991 to 2003 confirmed that it was the terrific improve in the 12 months 1993. It was one zero five.22%. In the 12 months 1992 it was 59.45% & in the 12 months 1996 it was 33.fifteen%. In the rest of the a long time, it was beneath 28% .

four) There was a lower in the enrolment for S.Y. in the 12 months 1997 & in the 12 months 2001 as five.six% & three.88% respectively.

five) The 12 months sensible enrolment of T.Y given that 1993 to 2003 confirmed that it was the terrific improve in the 12 months 1997 which was 519.08% & in the 12 months 1994 which was 119.28%. It was 71.68% improve in the 12 months 1993 comparing to the previous 12 months. Remaining all the a long time, it was beneath fifteen% except in the 12 months 2003, which was 39.seventy three%.

six) There was 77.ninety seven% decline in the enrolment in the 12 months 1996 & three.20%. in the 12 months 2002.

7) The 12 months sensible stagnation from F.Y. to S.Y. confirmed that it was previously mentioned fifty%. except in the 12 months 1995,2000 to 2002. In 1995 it was 49.68%, whereas in 2000, it was 39.sixty five%.

8) In the 12 months 2001 & 2002, it was 38.03% & 33.61% respectively.

**9) ****Considering the fact that 1991 to 2003, from F.Y. to S.Y., the stagnation level was 49.22%. It meant 50 percent of the pupils ended up stagnated in the first 12 months of B.A.**

10) The 12 months sensible stagnation from S.Y. to T.Y. given that 1991 to 2003 clearly confirmed that it was previously mentioned 20%. This ratio was optimum in the 12 months 1996 and it was 86.53%. Relaxation of the a long time, it was beneath thirty%

eleven) Considering the fact that 1991 to 2003, from S.Y. to T.Y., the stagnation level was 32.27%.

twelve) The stagnation level contemplating F.Y. to T.Y. was optimum in the 12 months 1996, which was 94.47% & 70.85% in the 12 months 1998. It was extremely dangerous condition of stagnation.

13) The stagnation was between sixty four.98% to 68.79% in the 12 months 1993 to 1995, 1997,1999,2000 & 2001.

**fourteen) **In the 12 months 2002 & 2003 the stagnation level was fifty seven.twelve% & fifty one.08% respectively.

fifteen) **Considering the fact that 1991 to 2003,from F.Y. to T.Y., the stagnation level was sixty six.91%. It was extremely substantial level of the stagnation.**

**sixteen) ****Rarely 33.09% pupils ended up ongoing to enrol to T.Y. It was also extremely interesting to analyze the passing level of T.Y. to throw light-weight on the stagnation of in T.Y. in that 12 months.**

17) The stagnation level in distance education could induce fall-out. Thus, it needs urgent notice to lower the stagnation.

**twelve Suggestions -:**

one) The pupils could have attracted to keep on their eduction because of the inspiration received to them. But this inspiration did not previous long. It is essential for the pupils to be determined till owning their degrees.

2) The college has to rethink of the courses presented to them, specifically for the first 12 months of the degree.

three) The stagnation level from F.Y. to S.Y. was 49.27%. It laid the considered that by producing all the programs compulsory, specifically the written content of the programs, the pupils could have received worried of their analyze. It is suggested that the dilemma papers for all these compulsory subjects have to be extremely effortless.

four) The stagnation level from S.Y. to T.Y. was 33.27%. This ratio could be induced by lots of factors. The written content of the optional subjects presented for S.Y. could be effective to the pupils but wondering the percentage of stagnation, it is essential to modify the analysis sample & give the programs on lower charge to the pupils.

five) The stagnation level from F.Y. to T.Y. was sixty six.91%. This stagnation level confirmed that it was the terrific decline of the college. Thus, it is essential to make the system interesting, effortless to analyze & effortless to comprehensive.

* *

six) *Every scholar is paying out double of the quantity of payment mounted for the programme to stop by the analyze centres***.** ** It also influences on their inspiration. **It is suggested that this issue also to be deemed whilst fixing the class & system payment.

** 13 Further Review -:**

one.To analyze to come across out the triggers of stagnation & fall out & propose the therapies to get rid of them..

2.To analyze the fall out fees in length eduction contemplating the stagnation in YCMOU.